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Five Tribes reject Stitt's call to negotiate gaming compacts, 'question his sincerity to work with us'

Five Tribes reject Stitt's call to negotiate gaming compacts, 'question his sincerity to work with us'


Muscogee (Creek) Nation Principal Chief James R. Floyd (left), Choctaw Nation Chief Gary Batton, Seminole Nation Principal Chief Greg. P. Chilcoat, Chickasaw Nation Governor Bill Anoatubby and Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Bill John Baker hold the resolution opposing Gov. Stitt’s repudiation of the state-tribal gaming compacts. The resolution was signed Friday in Tulsa. Courtesy

The top leaders of five major Oklahoma-based tribes said Friday that they reject Gov. Kevin Stitt’s call to renegotiate gaming compacts and said his recent actions cause them to “question his sincerity to work with us in a cooperative manner.”

Meeting in Tulsa, the chiefs of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole nations and the governor of the Chickasaws, acting as the Inter-Tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes, signed a resolution Friday morning saying they “reject” Stitt’s apparent threat to terminate the compacts if they are not renegotiated.

The resolution is in response to a letter from the governor to the state’s gaming tribes and a piece written by him and published by the Tulsa World on Monday.

Stitt, meanwhile, said the tribes should not be surprised by his notice.

“Dating back to the campaign, I was transparent and clear that, as governor, I would seek a fair-market deal regarding the state’s tribal gaming compacts,” Stitt said in a written statement Friday afternoon.

Stitt said the current compact “established some of the lowest gaming fees in the nation,” and he is committed to open discussions with all tribal partners.

At issue is whether the tribal gaming compact agreed to in 2004 expires on Jan. 1, 2020, or automatically rolls over. The tribes say it rolls over; Stitt maintains it expires — or, as he put it in the letter to the tribes, terminates, on that date.

The compact itself seems a little confusing on that point.

At stake is many millions of dollars in revenue to the tribes and the state. Stitt maintains the exclusivity fees paid by the tribes to the state to keep non-tribal casinos out of the state are too low.

The tribes say otherwise and point out that much of the revenue they derive from gaming ultimately subsidizes services and infrastructure, including roads, schools and health care, that would otherwise fall to the state to provide.

Collectively, the tribes are also among the state’s largest employers.

Each tribe has its own compact with the state but the compacts are identical except for tribal identification. Stitt has said, in effect, he wants to rewrite the template, or “model,” compact negotiated during the early 2000s.

In his letter to the tribes, Stitt said he believes it is “necessary, prudent, and in the best interests of the State of Oklahoma and (the tribes) to begin negotiating the terms of a new gaming compact as soon as reasonably practicable.”

In his letter, Stitt cites Part 15, Section B, of the model compact, which states in part: “the Compact shall automatically renew for successive additional fifteen-year terms; provided that, within one hundred eighty (180) days of the expiration of this Compact or any renewal thereof, either the tribe or the state, acting through its Governor, may request to renegotiate the terms of subsections A and E of Part 11 of this Compact.”

Part 11, subsections A and E set out the terms of the exclusivity payments.

Stitt’s letter is dated July 5, which was exactly 180 days before Jan. 1.

Part 15, Section C, which immediately follows the section cited by Stitt, says: “This Compact shall remain in full force and effect until the sooner of expiration of the term or until the Compact is terminated by mutual consent of the parties.”

So, in effect, the compact seems to say in one paragraph that it renews automatically (except, in some cases, for negotiation of exclusivity rights), and in the next says it remains in effect only until expiration or mutual agreement to terminate.

Friday’s resolution says “it is the position of the Inter-Tribal Council and the Five Civilized Tribes that compacts will automatically renew on January 1, 2020, barring any attempted bad faith interference arising from Gov. Stitt’s declarations.”

The resolution concludes by saying the tribes “reject the state’s attempt to unlawfully and unilaterally terminate the Compact,” oppose changes to the existing fee structure, and rejects renegotiation of the existing model compact.

Signing the resolution were Muscogee (Creek) Chief James Floyd, Cherokee Principal Chief Bill John Baker, Choctaw Chief Gary Batton, Chickasaw Gov. Bill Anoatubby and Seminole Chief Greg Chilcoat.

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Randy Krehbiel


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Today, 31 tribal nations operate 131 gaming facilities in Oklahoma with approximately 72,850 electronic games, almost 5,300 bingo seats and other games. Operations include more than 20 casinos with hotels/resorts with a combined total of more than 5,000 rooms, and almost 500,000 square feet of meeting, function and entertainment space. Other related ancillary facilities and amenities include almost 200 restaurants and bars, nine golf courses, five spas, seven RV parks with nearly 375 sites, more than 50 gas and convenience stores as well as destination and convenience retail, several bowling centers, laser tag and a movie complex.

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