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McGirt v. Oklahoma: Supreme Court decision and aftermath

McGirt v. Oklahoma: Supreme Court decision and aftermath

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In July 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that a large chunk of eastern Oklahoma remains an American Indian reservation.

The decision meant that Oklahoma prosecutors lack the authority to pursue criminal cases against American Indian defendants in parts of Oklahoma that include most of Tulsa.

The case, McGirt v. Oklahoma, argued by telephone in May 2020 because of the coronavirus pandemic, revolved around an appeal by an American Indian, 71-year-old Jimcy McGirt, who claimed state courts had no authority to try him for a crime committed on reservation land that belongs to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Jimcy McGirt was serving a 500-year prison sentence for molesting a child.

Here's a look back at the decision and aftermath:

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Citing a landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling issued last year involving the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals found Thursday the state lacked jurisdiction to prosecute a man currently on death row because the Chickasaw Nation was not formally disestablished.

Court ruling means hundreds of state criminal cases will be shifted to tribal or federal courts

McGirt v. Oklahoma: Supreme Court decision and aftermath

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